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Zambia locates in central-southern Africa and connects with 8 countries: Malawi and Mozambique to the east; Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south; Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania to the north and Angola is on the west. The land area is 752,614 sq km with most of the area are 1000m-1500m above the sea level. The capital Lusaka locates in central plateau with altitude of 1280 m and a population of 3.1 million, it is the center of politics, economics, culture and transportation.
Population and Language
The total population of Zambia is 14.22 million with 39.2% are urban population and the remaining are rural population, most of them are centralized in the capital and Ndola, Copperbelt. The annual population growth rate is approximately 2.9%.
The official language is English.
Zambia is a Christian country by the Constitution, Catholicism and Hinduism are other major religions.
The Zambian economy has achieved positive growth for many successive years, the GDP 2013 was 125.9 billion New Kwacha with 6.5% of growth and the investment environment is rather sound in Zambia among African countries.
Zambia has rich mineral resources, non-ferrous minerals include copper, cadmium, zinc, lead, nickel, manganese, tin, iron, etc. With 19 million tons of proved copper accounting for 6% of the world reserve and comes first in terms of reserve per capita, Zambia is regarded as "Copper State". The reserve of cobalt which is associated with copper is 350 thousands tons, Zambia is the second largest cobalt producer with annual production as 7000 tons. Lead and zinc ores are mainly distributed in Kabwe with proved reserves as 4.96 million tons, 15% of Kabwe is covered with lead and 25% is covered with zinc, it is one of the regions having the most quality and largest reserves. The proved reserve of iron is 900 million tons with half of it are minerals, the ores are mainly distributed in central and western provinces, non-metal minerals include limestone, phosphate, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, marble, granite, sodalite and others.
Zambia also has precious stones such as emerald, amethyst, diamond, malachite, garnet and tourmaline, its emeralds are quality with high transparency occupying over 20% of the world production.
In Zambia, 66% of the land is covered by forests, commercial and exportable woods include Padauk, Raja Kayu, Teak, Mahogany, Rosewood, Bergamot Wood, Silicon wood and Kuroki. However, 100,000 hectares of forest were disappearing every year with successive felling, therefore the government adopted a new policy in 2002 that logs and lumbers are forbidden for export, unless they are processed as sheets and wood products. Besides, 60 thousands sq km of forest were drawn as protected areas in order to conserve valuable woods.
Zambia adopts power separation on legislation, judiciary and administration , the National Assembly, the highest legislative body implements Unicameral with 158 seats in total and a term of 5 years. Among them, 150 seats are elected while the remaining 8 are nominated by the President if he/she intends to and the Speaker is elected among whom meet the election criteria. The judicial department mainly comprises The Supreme Court, the High Court, the Labour Relations Court, lower courts and local courts. Presidential Cabinet system is adopted with a 5-year term and once re-election.
Zambia established diplomatic relations with China in 1964 which was the first southern African country to do so. The traditional friendship was deep that the leaders often pay visits to each other. The then President Sata paid visit to China in 2013 and discussed common issues such as China-Zambia relations, China-Africa relations and African situation with Chinese President Xi Jinping, they both valued the relations and wished to deepen mutual cooperation.
Education is on top priority in Zambia and 7-year of free education is implemented. There are currently 8493 primary schools, 644 secondary schools, 3 public universities and 4 private universities as well as over 40 boarding schools. In Budget 2014, the government made education as a key aspect of development.Media
Zambia News Agency is the official news agency established in 1969. Major television broadcasters include Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNABC) and MUVI TV, a private broadcaster established in 2004, other broadcast medias include QFM, Radio Phoenix and 3 radio stations under ZNBC. Three major publications with higher circulation are Zambia Daily, National News and Zambia News.
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